As House Considers Farm Bill, Lower Farm Income Persists, While Drought Impacts Southern Plains

As the House of Representatives works on passing its version of the Farm Bill this week, a report yesterday from the Kansas City Fed noted that, "bankers in the Tenth Federal Reserve District reported lower farm income and credit conditions for the fifth straight year."  Meanwhile, a recent Wall Street Journal article pointed out that ongoing drought conditions in the southern Great Plains "could punish the agricultural sector, affecting everything from cotton to cattle to farming-equipment sales."   Today's update looks briefly at these reports regarding the agricultural economy as well as recent articles highlighting House Farm Bill developments.
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Farm Economy: Land Values, Ag Credit, Lending, and Income

On Monday, the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas released its quarterly Agricultural Credit Survey.  Also on Monday, the American Bankers Association highlighted several 2017 farm lending variables in its annual Farm Bank Performance Report.  Meanwhile, a recent news article from Minnesota documented that farm incomes in the state remained stagnant last year.  Today's update highlights key points from these information sources.
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FAPRI Baseline: Farmers Still Caught in Economic Squeeze

A news release last week from the Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) at the University of Missouri indicated that, “The latest analysis of national and global agricultural trends from the University of Missouri indicates little change in net farm income this year and a slight increase in 2019. However, even with modest projected increases in commodity prices in 2019, net farm income is expected to remain far below the record level set in 2013. Good news in the report includes strong demand for meat, which offset downward pressure on prices from increased production last year."
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Agricultural Economy: Land Values, Value of Production, and Number of Farms

Today's update looks briefly at recent publications from the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, and the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service.  These reports give additional insight into the state of the U.S. agricultural economy by providing information on agricultural credit conditions and land values, the value of agricultural production, and the number of farms in the U.S.
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USDA-ERS Report: Farmland Values, 2000-2016

Today's update looks briefly at farmland values in the United States, with a specific focus on a recent report from USDA's Economic Research Service (ERS) that examined farmland values from 2000 to 2016.  The ERS report noted that, "The value of farm real estate accounts for over 80 percent of the value of farm-sector assets and is an important indicator of the sector."
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