The news release indicated that, “‘Agricultural freight movement is essential for moving goods from the farm to the consumer’s table. Efficient transportation helps keep food prices low for consumers and enables the U.S. agricultural industry to compete in a global marketplace,’ said USDA Undersecretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs Greg Ibach.”
An executive summary of the full report stated that, “Almost every agricultural freight trip includes at least one movement by truck in the full journey from farm to final destination.”
“Low transportation costs is one way that the U.S. agriculture industry has remained competitive with low-wage international competitors who have lower costs of production,” the summary noted.
However, the summary added that, “Low transportation costs help U.S. agriculture remain competitive on the global market, but others are catching up.”
More narrowly, the summary explained that, “This report identifies High-Volume Domestic Agriculture Highways (HDAH), based on a modeled sample of detailed 2018 agricultural commodity movements. These highways are among the most important to the movement of domestic agricultural commodities.”
The figure below, which is juxtaposed with six major categories of agricultural production (grains, fruits and vegetables, milk and dairy products, meat, livestock, and poultry), “shows that HDAH connect areas where key agricultural products are produced in high volumes, based on 2017 production.”
In conclusion, the AMS summary pointed out that, “Agricultural highway freight is a complex system. In order to maintain or improve the system, many different types of stakeholders must work together, including State DOTs, Federal agencies, agriculture producers and shippers, and freight carriers.
“This report synthesizes research, analysis, and stakeholder input to identify 10 challenges and opportunities, and suggests potential strategies to address them.”
“As the U.S. population continues to grow and our economy continues to evolve, freight volumes are forecast to grow by nearly 25% over 20 years. Continued investment in highways that support the movement of agricultural freight during this period of growth will be critical to the health and competitiveness of U.S. agriculture.”
Keith Good is the Farm Policy News editor for the farmdoc project. He has previously worked for the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, and compiled the daily FarmPolicy.com News Summary from 2003-2015. He is a graduate of Purdue University (M.S.- Agricultural Economics), and Southern Illinois University School of Law.