Recent reports from the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) regarding farmland values, cash rental rates, production expenses, and farm prices provide perspective on the current state of the U.S. farm economy.
On Friday, in its annual Land Values Summary, NASS indicated that, “The United States farm real estate value, a measurement of the value of all land and buildings on farms, averaged $3,380 per acre for 2021, up $220 per acre (7.0 percent) from 2020.”
An update Friday from the NASS Upper Midwest Regional Field Office stated that, “Iowa’s farm real estate value, a measurement of the value of all land and buildings on farms, averaged $7,740 per acre in 2021, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service – Land Values 2021 Summary. This is up $670 per acre, 9% above last year’s value.
“Cropland, at $7,810 per acre, was up $640 from last year. Pasture, at $3,020 per acre, was up $330 from last year.”
An update Friday from the NASS Upper Midwest Regional Field Office stated that, “Cropland cash rent paid to Iowa landlords in 2021 averaged $233.00 per acre according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Non-irrigated cropland rent averaged $233.00 per acre, up $3.00 from last year.
“Irrigated cropland rent averaged $229.00 per acre, down $9.00 from 2020. Pasture rented for cash averaged $58.00 per acre, up $4.00 from the previous year.”
And late last month, in its Farm Production Expenditures Annual Summary, NASS indicated that, “Farm production expenditures in the United States are estimated at $366.2 billion for 2020, up from $357.8 billion in 2019. The 2020 total farm production expenditures are up 2.3 percent compared with 2019 total farm production expenditures.”
“In 2020, the United States total farm expenditure average per farm is $182,130, up 2.6 percent from $177,564 in 2019,” the report said.
Additional charts regarding farm production expenditures from NASS can be found here.
The NASS Upper Midwest Regional Field Office noted in a release last month that, “Iowa farm production expenditures totaled $28.5 billion in 2020, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service – Farm Production Expenditures 2020 Summary report. This was $1.85 billion less than the 2019 total expenditures.”
Meanwhile, in its monthly Agricultural Prices report in July, NASS pointed out that, “The corn price, at $6.00 per bushel, is up 9 cents from last month and $2.84 from June 2020.”
The report added that, “The soybean price, at $14.50 per bushel, is 30 cents lower than May but $6.16 higher than June a year earlier.”
The NASS Upper Midwest Regional Field Office noted in a release last month that, “The average price received by farmers for corn during June in Iowa was $6.19 per bushel according to the latest USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service – Agricultural Prices report. This was up 16 cents from the May price and $3.08 above June 2020.
“The June 2021 average price received by farmers for soybeans, at $14.70 per bushel, was down $0.10 from the May price but $6.43 above the June 2020 price.”
Keith Good is the Farm Policy News editor for the farmdoc project. He has previously worked for the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, and compiled the daily FarmPolicy.com News Summary from 2003-2015. He is a graduate of Purdue University (M.S.- Agricultural Economics), and Southern Illinois University School of Law.