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China’s Domestic Pork Production Targets Seen to Bolster Grain Imports

Last week, Bloomberg News reported that, “China’s reaffirmation of a long-term goal to be almost entirely self-sufficient in pork production means it will keep scooping up global grain supplies to feed the world’s largest pig herd.

“The country, which consumes half of the world’s pork, will maintain a target to produce 95% of the protein at home through 2025. It wants to be self sufficient in poultry and egg, 85% for beef and mutton, and 70% for dairy, the agriculture ministry said, adding that they form part of China’s food security goals.

“The targets will likely bolster overseas purchases of soybeans and feed grains needed to fatten hogs, cattle and poultry. China is already the top importer of soybeans and corn, and has purchased unprecedented amounts in the past two years to feed a hog herd recovering from African swine fever. The buying binge sparked a global price rally as investors were also worried about supply.”

The Bloomberg article added that,

‘Imports of feed grain are likely to remain high for the foreseeable future as China begins to prioritize domestic production of meat and dairy,’ said Darin Friedrichs, co-founder and market research director of Sitonia Consulting, a China-based agriculture information service provider.

Meanwhile, on Sunday, Bloomberg News reported that, “Chinese President Xi Jinping reiterated ensuring grain security and agricultural product supply at a meeting before the two-day Central Rural Work Conference held Dec. 25-26, state-run China Central Television reports.

USDA- Foreign Agricultural Service. International Production Assessment Division. Crop Production Maps.

“Xi urges farmland protection and expanding soybean and oil crops planting.”

And Reuters News reported on Monday that, “China will stabilise corn production and expand soybean output in the new year to ensure grain security, the Communist Party’s People’s Daily quoted the agriculture minister as saying on Monday.

“‘Safeguarding supply security of grains, and important agricultural and sideline products is always our top task and main priority,’ Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs Tang Renjian said in an interview with People’s Daily.”

USDA- Foreign Agricultural Service. International Production Assessment Division. Crop Production Maps.

The Reuters article noted that, “Tang’s comments come against the backdrop of lingering concern over food security in the world’s most populous country as the COVID-19 pandemic continues to disrupt food supply chains and logistics across the globe.

“China’s soybean output this year dropped sharply from last year while corn production increased as farmers sought to take advantage of better profitability.”

Keith Good Photo

Keith Good is the Farm Policy News editor for the farmdoc project. He has previously worked for the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, and compiled the daily News Summary from 2003-2015. He is a graduate of Purdue University (M.S.- Agricultural Economics), and Southern Illinois University School of Law.

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